Im Nordosten befindet sich, das Sultanat Brunei. Der Süden gehört zu Indonesien. Orte[Bearbeiten]. Die größten Städte Borneos heißen wie folgt. Die Inseln Sumatra und Borneo sind mit ihren tropischen Regenwäldern, Bergwäldern und Mangroven der letzte Lebensraum vieler Arten. ist eine Insel im Malaiischen Archipel in Südostasien. Mit einer Fläche von km² ist sie nach Grönland und Neuguinea die drittgrößte Insel der Welt und die größte Insel Asiens.
Neue Hauptstadt im Dschungel von BorneoDie Insel Borneo liegt auf dem Äquator sowie dem Längengrad Sie gehört zu den Großen Sudainseln im Malaiischen Archipel. Eingerahmt wird sie im Süden. Borneo ist einfach anders. Die größte Insel Asiens überrascht mit spannender Geschichte und unglaublicher Naturpracht. Der Regenwald der Insel am Äquator. Im Nordosten befindet sich, das Sultanat Brunei. Der Süden gehört zu Indonesien. Orte[Bearbeiten]. Die größten Städte Borneos heißen wie folgt.
Wo Liegt Borneo Navigation menu VideoBorneo Reisen - Besteigung Mt. Kinabalu - Via Ferrata (Karawane Reisen) Borneo este a treia insulă ca mărime pe glob, după Groenlanda și Noua bearnsonmd.com punct vedere politic insula este împărțită între statele Indonezia, Malaezia și Brunei, partea de nord sunt provinciile ce aparțin de Brunei și Malaezia, iar partea cea mai mare „Kalimantan” aparține Indoneziei. Borneo, island in the extreme southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean. It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. Apart from being among the most beautiful places in Borneo for beaches, the islands act as a hotspot for wildlife spotting, diving and snorkelling. Palm tree fringe the coastline as jungle covers the interior. More than species of coral live on the seabed while thousands of colourful fish swim in the warm shallow sea. Borneo is the planet’s third largest island (after Greenland and New Guinea). More than 15, species of plants live in the million-year-old rainforests. Hundreds of mammals including both orangutans and proboscis monkeys thrive in the dense jungles. Borneo liegt mitten in den Tropen und hat ein entsprechendes, ausgesprochen tropisches Klima mit hoher Luftfeuchtigkeit (über 80 %). Die Durchschnittstemperaturen schwanken zwischen 27,7 °C im Mai und 26,7 °C im Dezember. Pontianak is the capital of the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan, founded by Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie as a capital of Sultanate of Kadriyah on 23 October / 14 Rajab AH. Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie developed Pontianak as a trading port on the island of Borneo, occupying an area of km2 in the delta of the Kapuas River at a point where it is joined by its major tributary, the . Borneo (/ ˈ b ɔːr n i oʊ /; Malay: Pulau Borneo) është i tretë ishulli më i madh në botë dhe më e madhe në Azi. Isulli të Borneo ështe i ndarë politikisht në tre vendet: Malaysia dhe Brunei në veri, dhe Indonesia në jug. Përafërsisht 73% ështe në territor Indonezian. Borneo este a treia insulă ca mărime pe glob, după Groenlanda și Noua Guinee. Din punct vedere politic insula este împărțită între statele Indonezia, Malaezia și Brunei, partea de nord sunt provinciile ce aparțin de Brunei și Malaezia, iar partea cea mai mare „Kalimantan” aparține Indoneziei.
The Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak are both top exporters of timber. The Indonesian provinces of Kalimantan are mostly dependent on mining sectors despite also being involved in logging and oil and gas explorations.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Island in Southeast Asia. Not to be confused with Brunei or Barneo.
See also: Geological history of Borneo. See also: Biodiversity of Borneo , Fauna of Borneo , Flora of Borneo , List of endemic birds of Borneo , and Mammals of Borneo.
See also: Deforestation in Borneo , Indonesian forest fires , Southeast Asian haze , Southeast Asian haze , Southeast Asian haze , Southeast Asian haze , Southeast Asian haze , and Southeast Asian haze.
Main articles: British Borneo and Dutch East Indies. See also: Japanese occupation of British Borneo and Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies.
Indigenous peoples with their musical instruments , dance and their respective traditional dress. Indonesia portal Malaysia portal Islands portal.
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Important aspects of the population in its link with planning are population size, population distribution and population composition.
Researchers conducted research on population data in the city of Pontianak during the last 2 years i. According to the data obtained, Population Growth Rate in Pontianak City in the period of is 0.
The population of Pontianak is predominantly ethnic Malays and Chinese. In addition, there are also ethnic Dayak, Javanese, Bugis, Madurese, Arabic, Sundanese, Banjar, Batak, Minangkabau and others.
Intermarriage between different ethnic groups is common in Pontianak. Compared to other Indonesian cities, Pontianak is one of the few cities with a significant number of Chinese Indonesians.
The Chinese have lived in Pontianak for centuries. Most of the Chinese were passing through west Borneo from the third century for a last rest on their sailing journeys before returning to China.
Beginning in the 7th century many Chinese had started to trade in western Borneo. Apart from the Chinese traders, in the 17th century Dutch colonization brought in mass Chinese for mining gold.
Most of these Chinese miners originated from the Fujian or Guangdong provinces. The two largest sub-groups of the Pontianak Chinese are the Teochew and Hakka.
The Teochew people are from the northeastern coast of Guangdong and Hakka people from the interior of Fujian come to West Kalimantan. The Hakka people are pioneer groups living in villages and mining areas, working as miners, farmers, and also small traders.
This is in contrast to the Teochew people who prefer to live in urban areas for trade. Even now the Teochew people form the largest ethnic Chinese population in the city of Pontianak and south of Pontianak.
The Hakka people mostly live in the northern area of Pontianak. The second largest ethnic group in Pontianak is the Malay people.
The Pontianak Malay are one of the early inhabitants of the city. Pontianak was the seat of the Pontianak Sultanate, a great Malay kingdom for centuries.
The Malay people mostly live on the bank of the Kapuas River and other rivers in Pontianak. They also live in coastal areas of the city.
Most of the Pontianak Malay work as traders, government officials, and in other jobs. Other significant ethnic groups living in Pontianak are the Dayak, Bugis, Madurese, and Javanese.
Some of the Dayak still practice animism , which involves traditional rituals and dances. However, most of the Dayaks have converted to Christianity and are more urbanized.
The Bugis, Javanese, and Madurese are immigrants from other parts of Indonesia. They migrated to Pontianak due to the Transmigration program enacted by the Dutch and continued during the New Order.
Conflicts often erupted between the Madurese and the Dayak. Indonesian is the official language of Pontianak as well as other parts of Indonesia.
The native language and main lingua franca of the city is Pontianak Malay , a distinct variety of Malay that is closely related to Johor-Riau Malay in Malaysia , Riau , and the Riau Islands in Indonesia and Singapore.
The main differences between Pontianak Malay and Indonesian is that they use "Kamek" instead of "Kami" and "Kitak" instead of "Kalian".
However, many people in the city also use Indonesian as their second language. The other prevailing language in Pontianak is the Chinese language.
Several varieties of Chinese exists in Pontianak, the most notable being Teochew and Hakka. Teochew is a variant of Southern Min originating from Guangdong.
It is mostly mutually intelligible with Hokkien. Teochew is mostly spoken in the central and southern parts of the city, as well as suburbs south of the city.
Hakka is spoken in the northern part of the city, as well as in suburbs north of the city. There are more Teochew speakers than Hakka speakers in Pontianak.
These varieties of Chinese has been influenced by other languages such as Malay, Indonesian, and other languages.
They have incorporated words from Indonesian and other languages. Therefore, native speakers from China may find it difficult to communicate using Teochew and Hakka with the people from Pontianak.
Other Chinese variants such as the Cantonese and Hokkien have fewer speakers. Other languages such as the Javanese , Madurese , Buginese , and different dialects of Dayak are also spoken.
The majority of the population are Muslims While most of the people who adhere to Buddhism and Confucianism are Chinese Indonesian , many Chinese also adhere to Christianity.
The Dayak people adhere to either Catholicism or Protestantism, while also incorporating local beliefs. Some of the Dayak also adheres to Kaharingan , a local folk religion.
However, the Indonesian government does not recognize Kaharingan as a religion and therefore classifies those who adhere to Kaharingan beliefs as Hindus.
Several places of worship are located in Pontianak, such as the Jami Mosque of Pontianak , which is considered the great mosque of Pontianak.
Located in the complex of the palace of the former Pontianak Sultanate, this mosque is the oldest mosque and is one of the two buildings that witnessed the establishment of the city of Pontianak.
At first, this mosque was also used as a center of government for the Sultanate of Pontianak. The name of this mosque was given by Syarif Usman Alkadri who is the son of Sultan Sharif Abdurrahman, who continued the construction of the mosque until it was completed.
Other places of worship are the Cathedral of Saint Joseph, Pura Giripati Mulawarman, Vihara Budhisatva Karaniya Metta, and the Pontianak Congregation of West Kalimantan Christian Church.
Some of these have existed since the Dutch colonial era, while some are constructed by the Indonesian government. The gross regional domestic product of Pontianak City, according to the ADHK business field in , reached When compared to , the production volume of goods and services produced in Pontianak City in increased by 0.
Most of Pontianak city's economy relies on industry , agriculture , and trade. The trade, hotel, and restaurant sectors have been the largest economic base in Pontianak City in recent years.
This can be seen from the percentage distribution of GDP, where the large and retail trade sector has the greatest role in total GDP compared to other sectors, which is Based on the percentage of GDP, aggregate demand in Pontianak City in as a whole experienced a growth of 4.
The number of large and medium industrial enterprises in the city of Pontianak as of was 34 companies. Labor absorbed by industrial enterprises amounted to 3, people, consisting of 2, production workers and other workers and administrators.
Moderate or major industrial companies located in the District of North Pontianak have the largest labor force of around 2, people.
The resulting output value of large industrial enterprises or medium amounted to 1. The smallest output value derived from companies located in the District Pontianak City, worth 2.
For Gross Value Added NTB obtained from all large and medium-sized industrial enterprises in Pontianak City during , this amounted to The value added at factor fees earned amounted to For small industrial centers, the industry results for agriculture and forestry IHPK shows that the snack food industry, centered in Sungai Kuhl, is the largest local small industry, employing as many as people.
Investment value reached East coast development is centred on the Attaka area. Bauxite has been developed near Cape Datu in the southwest since the late s, and coal has been mined in the southwest.
Generally, Borneo soils are poor, with a few exceptions of fertile volcanic areas. Rice, the staple food, is supplemented with corn maize , cassava manioc , cucumber, and pumpkin.
Rubber is grown on small native plantations. Pepper is grown on a large scale by the resident Chinese.
Newer markets are for the seeds of the shorea tree and for chicle. Coastal area exports are sago, copra , cutch a dye extracted from mangrove bark , and marine products.
Tobacco is grown in the uplands and traded to the lowlands. Experimental plantings of coffee, cocoa, and hemp have been made. Borneo Article Media Additional Info.
Article Contents. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Diese wurden von Brunei am 7. Dezember zurückgewiesen.
Die Philippinen ihrerseits erhoben am 5. August rechtliche Ansprüche auf Sabah und reichten Klage beim Internationalen Gerichtshof ein.
Am September stellte sich auch Indonesien gegen die Eingliederung von Sarawak und Sabah in die Föderation und entsandte Freischärler in die betroffenen Gebiete.
Der mit dem indonesischen Wort Konfrontasi bezeichnete Kleinkrieg zwischen den Freischärlern und englischen bzw. Commonwealth -Truppen wurde nach der Entmachtung des indonesischen Präsidenten Sukarno durch dessen Nachfolger Suharto beigelegt.
Die Föderation Malaya wurde in dieser Zeit dennoch um Sarawak, Sabah und Singapur wieder ausgetreten erweitert, der so entstandene Staat wurde Malaysia.
Brunei blieb britisches Protektorat und wurde am 1. Januar unabhängig. An Bodenschätzen gewinnt man Kohle und Erdöl. Hauptsächlich wird in der Landwirtschaft Kopra , Sago und Kautschuk hergestellt.
Im Südosten wird zudem Pfeffer angebaut. Die letztlich staatlich wenig kontrollierte Abholzung hat dazu geführt, dass die Regierungen auf internationaler wie auch auf nationaler Ebene in die Kritik geraten sind.
Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Zur britischen Tennisspielerin siehe Belinda Borneo. Siehe auch : Ölpest vor Borneo. Navigationsmenü Meine Werkzeuge Nicht angemeldet Diskussionsseite Beiträge Benutzerkonto erstellen Anmelden.
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Artikel verbessern Neuen Artikel anlegen Autorenportal Hilfe Letzte Änderungen Kontakt Spenden. Buch erstellen Als PDF herunterladen Druckversion.
Commons Wikinews Wikivoyage. Politische Karte von Borneo. Borneo topographisch. Loa Janan. Nordkalimantan Kalimantan Utara. Ostkalimantan Kalimantan Timur.Porritt Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Royal Holloway University of London : Wong; Chew Lun Chan Or follow the paths through the never-ending cave systems. London: Oxford University Press. It is an important refuge for many endemic forest species, including the Rick Delail elephantthe eastern Sumatran rhinocerosthe Bornean clouded leopard Snowden Kinox, the hose's palm civet and the dayak fruit bat. BoD — Serie Frühling on Demand. University of Malaya Press. Chinese Circulations: Capital, Commodities, and Networks in Southeast Asia. The Port of Pontianak, located on the banks of the Kapuas River, is the economic Microsoft Ms17-010 of the city and connects an area of Artikel verbessern Neuen Artikel anlegen Autorenportal Hilfe Letzte Änderungen Kontakt Spenden. Archived from the original on 17 June Based on data from the Pontianak City Education Office, in Pontianak D Max Video kindergartens, elementary schools, 76 junior high schools, 44 high schools, and 29 vocational high schools. In earlier times, the island was known by Sacrifice Film names.